Neural Networks / Deep Learning Algorithms


“Graphics are 100% generated by an algorithm in one shot. No edit or post-processing. I used videos recorded from trains windows, with landscapes that moves from right to left and trained a Machine Learning (ML) algorithm with it.”

Mesmerizing project by Artist Damien Henry with deep learning / neural network algorithms. And there is also a very interesting paper about neutral networks that reproduce what our brain sees,  I just stumbled upon via NerdcoreSharing deep generative representation for perceived image reconstruction from human brain activity.


The secrets of daydreaming

An interesting video essay by Rishi Kaneria about the story behind the music video to Radioheads Daydreaming. Most of those theories and secrets have been gathered through subreddits. Some theories are probably a bit obsessive but still reveal a lot of hidden insights in Thom Yorkes life and dream world. A mysterious, yet beautiful storytelling style.

The music video is directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. You can watch it here. Thanks to Claudia for sharing this video!


Zhuang Zhou Dreams of Being a Butterfly

Once upon a time, I, Chuang Chou, dreamt I was a butterfly, fluttering hither and thither, to all intents and purposes a butterfly. I was conscious only of my happiness as a butterfly, unaware that I was Chou. Soon I awaked, and there I was, veritably myself again. Now I do not know whether I was then a man dreaming I was a butterfly, or whether I am now a butterfly, dreaming I am a man. Between a man and a butterfly there is necessarily a distinction.


Generative Dream

After a few self-experiments, I came to the conclusion that no visualization comes close to what we experience in dreams. Also when sharing dreams, the perception of dreams is individual for all of us. However it is interesting that even blind people have sort of a similar perception of the world as people with sight. That’s probably the case because of story telling and describing the world to blind people from people with sight. For example: A sun has to be round and is shining.

A interesting investigation from graphic designer and artist Tobias Gutmann shows that a lot of people are stuck with a conventional representation of the world. He asked people from different cultural background to draw a house and a world. The similarities and differences between people from different background and especially kids are impressive!

You could say that the perception of the world is always very individual. Especially when compared with kids, people from non-western countries or even computers.

The same counts for dreams as dreams are fractals from something we maybe have experiences or not and put together in a way that most of the time doesn’t really make sense. You could go further and say that as soon as you share a dream, it is no more your dream but now the dream of someone else. Because this person is looking from a different angle on your dream interpretation.

I set myself the goal to find out how we can generate a (kind of) language for dreams with the help of generative art forms through programming.

After a lot of experiments with different visualizations code examples from the web and math formulas, I found a tutorial from tsulej describing folds and fractal flames and how to handle them in processing. Through variations you can generate flavour in fractal flames that generate beautiful, mysterious objects and drawings. I found a lot of similarities to dreams in those drawings and decides to investigate more time finding out how they work and how I could implement them into my dream project.





Really obsessed right now with this brand new video game called Everything by Artist & Digital Designer David OReilly. It showcases that the most beautiful things, aren’t the things that work like reality but play with our perception on the world. A big inspiration for my final project outcome.


How Dreams Define Our Lives

In a talkshow about dreams in Sternstunde Philosophie on SRF from 2014, two specialist have an interesting talk about how dreams affect our life. Bestselling author Stefan Klein & Dream research scientist Melanie Schädlich talk about different aspects of dreaming.

Besides talking about the training potential of lucid dreaming they also talk about how blind people dream and how people thought they dream before the age of color television.

Stefan Klein says that people, mostly raised in the age before color television, thought they would dream in black and white. But that wasn’t actually true and more an assumption when they tried to describe their dreams. There are different studies, that say different things. But surprisingly also blind people can dream visually. They can even draw their dream as the picture above shows. Out of narratives, they can figure out how the things look like and afterwards can translate them into the real world.

Klein also points out that during the night we are actually also kind of blind. Our eyes are closed and our imagination are designed from our visual cortex. And more importantly, he assumes that our feelings are translated into pictures.

Another example he makes is when we don’t see the face of a man for example, it’s because we miss some information. But the missing information is actually not that important. The feeling and emotions we build up in our dream are the key to what we may want to find out.

One assumption could be that it’s not really about the symbolics of our dreams or for example who the person in the dream is, but more about the reality related interpretation – and especially how we do feel about what we see.

Klein further makes the (bold) statement that the origin of the world is happening in our head.

In science dream research may still used to find out how our brain works. You could even pose the (philosophical) question that dreams are the key to our awareness and identity. But for the normal dreamer, that’s maybe not really the most important thing we want to find out. It’s more about how we want to life & how we want to build up our (self)awareness. Not only in our day life but also in our dream state.

I also want to point out the very beautiful question the presenter asks the two guest at the end of the broadcast:

“Is there a dream you want to dream? Or is this not that important and should we just be more befuddled by our dreams, like watching a film in the cinema.”

So how we dream is very much influenced by our environment but can still be very diverse. But most importantly for myself, dreaming is a very strong storytelling phenomena.

Watch the full show here.